HOW DOES THE PHILIPPINE
ELECTORAL SYSTEM WORK?
We all know that key people are being elected in different positions. But, do we really know how the system works? How does one become elected? What is the process? Skip those long descriptions on Google because we got you covered.
2019 PHILIPPINE ELECTIONS IN REVIEW
LOCALLY
75.9%
voter turnout
46.9M out of 61.8M
31%
of voters were
18-29-year-olds
32%
of voters were
30-44-year-olds
OVERSEAS
18.37%
voter turnout
334.9K out of 1.8M
36.2%
of overseas voters were
from Middle East and Africa
A CRASH COURSE ON THE GOVERNMENT
POSITIONS YOU’LL VOTE FOR
We believe that understanding the nature of each government position that you’re about to elect and what it represents will help each and everyone cast our votes as objectively as possible. In light of this, we provided a quick rundown of key positions that you might want to review.
Terms: 6 years with no provision for re-election.

Function: the President exercises control over all the executive departments, bureaus, and offices. He is also the commander-in-chief of all Armed Forces of the Philippines

Qualifications:
(1) Natural born and registered voter of the Philippines
(2) Must have resided in the Philippines 10 years before election is held
(3) Must be able to read & write
Terms: 6 years, and may run for re-election once

Function: the second-in-command; mandated to assume the presidency in case of the death, disability, or resignation of the incumbent President

Qualifications:
(1) Natural born and registered voter of the Philippines
(2) Must have resided in the Philippines 10 years before election is held
(3) Must be able to read & write
Terms: Elected every 3-6 years with max. 2 consecutive terms

Function: assists congress in creating bills and resolutions by improving existing laws through amendments and examining budget and how public money is spent

Qualifications:
(1) Natural born citizen and registered voter of the Philipppines
(2) Resident of the Philippines for not less than two years before election day
(3) Must be able to read & write
(4) At least 35 years of age
Terms: 3 years with max. 3 consecutive terms

Function: author bills and resolutions by improving existing laws through amendments; has power to impeach certain officials and all money bills must originate from the lower house.

Qualifications:
(1) Natural born citizen and registered voter of the Philipppines
(2) Resident thereof for a period of not less than one year immediately preceding the day of the election
(3) Must be able to read & write
(4) At least 25 years of age
Terms: 3 year terms with max. 3 consecutive terms Cannot run right after their 3rd term, but can again after they let 1 term pass

Function: reside at council meetings and to act as head of the city for ceremonial purposes and for purposes of military law

Qualifications:
(1) Natural born citizen of the Philippines
(2) Registered voter in constituent area and
(3) Must have lived in constituent area in not less than 1 year before election
(4) At least 23 years old in highly urbanized cities;
At least 21 years old in component cities and municipalities;
(5) Must be able to read and write Filipino or any other local language or dialect
Terms: 3 year with max. 3 consecutive terms

Function: enforces all laws and ordinances applicable, and maintains peace and public order within the barangay

Qualifications:
(1) Natural born citizen and registered voter of the Philippines
(2) Must have lived in constituent area in not less than 1 year before election
(3) Must be able to read and write Filipino or any local dialect/language
(4) At least 18 years of age on election day
Terms: 3 year term

Function: becomes Chairman of Committee on youth and Sports and represents the youth in barangay council meetings. leads local youth programs

Qualifications:
(1) Natural born citizen of the Philippines and registered voter
(2) Must have lived in constituent barangay in not less than 1 year before election
(3) Qualified voter of the Katipunan ng Kabataan
(4) At least 18 - 24 years of age
(5) Able to read and write Filiipno,English, or the local dialect/language
(6) Must not be related within the 2nd civil degree of consanguinity or affinity to any incumbent elected national, regional, city, municipal, or barangay official
Must not have committed any crime involving moral turpitude
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UNTIL ELECTION DAY
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ABOUT US
Vote Pilipinas, in partnership with COMELEC, is a non-profit, non-partisan innovative information campaign designed to provide every Filipino the right information they need to contribute impacting change, to register, and to vote.